A R C S R

Architecture of Rapid Change and Scarce Resources

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Members of the Projects Office and students from the Architecture school at the CASS have been collaborating with stone quarry worker settlements and the Navi Mumbai based NGO Association for Rural People’s Health and Educational Needs (ARPHEN) on a community classrooms project since 2008. Projects have received continued support and funding from The Water Trust (ARCSR).


Two quarry classrooms for children’s bridge classes were constructed by students, researchers and local communities at Baban Seth quarry (March 2010) and Tata Press quarry (November 2010) over 7 week periods. Since their completion, ARPHEN have managed to secure funding to continue paying teachers’ salaries from companies such as Hindustan Cola. The quarry classrooms have enabled more children to participate in ARPHEN’s bridge classes, allowing more children to be accepted into the state educational system. Adult literacy classes have been introduced in the settlements and the women’s self-help groups now have a space to meet and start up livelihood initiatives such as women’s sewing classes, where the local Lion’s Club have donated sewing machines.

As community buildings, the classrooms have also hosted wedding ceremonies and village festivities, creating a new central identity for the settlements. Incremental improvements by the communities themselves (such as additional security grilles and door around the veranda of the building) have extended the use and sustainability of the classrooms. As a result of the classroom buildings, the 
local Corporator has since introduced water taps, formalised drains, street lighting and pathways in the two settlements. In addition, some new pucca (permanent) housing has been constructed by quarry owners for migrant workers.


ARPHEN: www.arphen.org

Quarry Classrooms

Navi Mumbai, India